Thirty years of reform and opening up, China's national economy has been rapid development, but also paid a great price, especially on the nature of environmental pollution and destruction, with the domestic and international people increasingly attach importance to environmental protection, the relevant national environmental policies and the implementation of energy-saving emission reduction measures, user and market of tank car the requirements will be more and more, especially in the new energy consumption and cost control
First, the status quo of the development of China's tank car
As an important logistics equipment, the tank car is widely used in the automobile transportation industry. With the increase of China's traffic construction investment, the development of the logistics industry is getting faster and faster, and the development of China's special vehicle offers great opportunities. The professional characteristics of the tank type special vehicle, especially the function of the special operation, has been accepted by each industry field, and has important function in the national economy and social development. At present, the domestic tank type special vehicle production enterprises, there are 947 announcements, mostly small and medium enterprises, the annual output of less than 1000 units more than half of the enterprises.
From the tank car sales, 2006 sales of 30324 units, sales in 2007 44284, 2008 sales of 67363 units, sales in 2009 79745, 2010 sales of 124450 units, sales in 2011 107967, 2012 sales of 76931 vehicles, from 2006-2011 years of sales can be seen, the tank car is showing a trend of rapid development since 2011. Since the car sales accounted for the overall proportion of the decline, which are closely related to the whole national economic environment.
At the same time, we should also note that there are still some problems that need to be solved in the development of the tank car in our country, specifically, there are the following aspects:
1, the lack of independent development capabilities of high-end products
At present, the total power quality 30t, 224kW (300ps) following dump truck, van, tank car, tractor and other transport special vehicle chassis can basically meet the market supply, but some of the technical content of operation of special automobile chassis structure, high requirements are more complex and smaller quantities such as concrete eight meters above three the mixing truck, above the large concrete pump truck, 224kW tractor, above 40t autohoist, large fire truck chassis with a small amount of supply and the quality is not high. Like aircraft tractor, tank car and other special requirements of some special vehicle chassis, the current basic is blank, mainly rely on imports.
2, the technical level is backward, the product structure is unbalanced, uneven development
At present, the domestic tank special vehicle technology from the point of view, the introduction of digestion and absorption, but also made some progress, but by foreign brands, there are still a large gap, can be said to still stay in the imitation stage, the homogenization phenomenon is very common, special car varieties less, the same phenomenon is very serious. Performance in the absence of core technology, heavy, medium, light, high, medium, low, special, new proportion imbalance, the majority of enterprises can only produce medium-sized ordinary cars, other types of special vehicle production is still less and can be simple. High technology content, high added value, high reliability of the domestic tank car is not enough, these have seriously affected the structural adjustment and industrial upgrading of China's tank car industry.
3, the key components can not be produced independently
Up to now, the domestic pot type special vehicle chassis is also very scarce. Special vehicle production in China, still mostly by Dongfeng, liberation, Steyr, Yi Weike and other ordinary trucks (passenger car chassis), after adjustment such small changes wheelbase for modification, technical reserves no special special vehicle chassis; produce most of the tank car is still the basic technical content is low the price is low, the labor intensive ordinary tanker, such as low tonnage tanker truck, semi-trailer tanker, tanker etc.. Even if the domestic manufacturers of advanced Steyr automobile chassis, the technology in the world is very backward, in a very passive position in international competition.
4, affected by the level of development of the relevant industry constraints
The overall level of key parts of tank type special vehicle special device in our country is not too high, such as the technical level of hydraulic parts, pumps, valves, and other control instruments have not yet reached the high, restricting the high level of special vehicle research and production
5, the industry size is small, the market concentration is low
The whole tank special automobile enterprises in recent years the market performance is good, but the small scale, weak technical force, is still the prevalent problems of special purpose vehicle enterprise. The same type of products there are dozens of enterprises, enterprises and the production of many products, developed countries and the same type of products up to 35 enterprises, an enterprise most can only produce several products in stark contrast. Market concentration is not high, the production of special automobile enterprises is not special".
Two, the development trend of China's pot type special vehicle
(a) the development trend of high technology and high added value
With the growing competition in the market, the domestic population dividend disappeared. The arrival of low profit era, the quantity and price to win the competitive advantage will gradually withdraw from the stage. With innovative technology to improve product value and technical content to replace the previous low level capacity expansion will become the new economic growth mode of China's tank car industry.
(two) the development trend of clean, energy saving and environmental protection
With the country's increasing emphasis on environmental protection and energy saving and emission reduction targets, the products of the country's environmental goals will have a broad market.
(three) the development trend of lightweight
Due to the rising cost of transportation, the urgent requirement of national energy saving and emission reduction, and the absolute advantage impact of new materials and new technology in foreign countries, the light weight of the tank car is the only way for the development of China's automotive industry.
(four) the trend of the development of heavy and multi axis
With the rapid development of the national economy and highway, limitation of freight transport increasingly exposed, in order to reduce logistics cost, improve transport efficiency, enhance the intensive degree and the level of logistics technology, achieve the goal of energy conservation, heavy duty and multi axis of the trailer and semi-trailer.
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