湖北新中绿专用车行业剖析 罐车的发展现状与趋势
2016-09-05 10:01:40   来源:www.hbxzl.com   点击:

湖北新中绿



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改革开放三十多年来,我国国民经济得到了飞速发展,但是也付出了很大的代价,特别是对大自然环境的污染和破坏,随着国际国内民众对环境保护的日益重视,国家有关环保政策和节能减排措施的推行,用户和市场对罐式专用车的要求必将越来越多,特别是在新能源消耗及成本控制方面
Thirty years of reform and opening up, China's national economy has been rapid development, but also paid a great price, especially on the nature of environmental pollution and destruction, with the domestic and international people increasingly attach importance to environmental protection, the relevant national environmental policies and the implementation of energy-saving emission reduction measures, user and market of tank car the requirements will be more and more, especially in the new energy consumption and cost control
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一、我国罐式专用车发展现状
First, the status quo of the development of China's tank car
罐式车作为重要的物流设备,在汽车运输行业中的应用极其广泛。随着我国交通建设投入的加大,物流行业发展越来越快,这位我国专用车发展提供了巨大机遇。罐式专用车的专业特性,特别是专项作业的功能,被各个行业领域所接受,在国民经济和社会发展中具有重要作用。目前,国内罐式专用车生产企业,公告目录内有947家,大多为中小型企业,年产量小于1000辆的企业超过半数。
As an important logistics equipment, the tank car is widely used in the automobile transportation industry. With the increase of China's traffic construction investment, the development of the logistics industry is getting faster and faster, and the development of China's special vehicle offers great opportunities. The professional characteristics of the tank type special vehicle, especially the function of the special operation, has been accepted by each industry field, and has important function in the national economy and social development. At present, the domestic tank type special vehicle production enterprises, there are 947 announcements, mostly small and medium enterprises, the annual output of less than 1000 units more than half of the enterprises.
从罐式车销售量看,2006年销售30324辆,2007年销售44284辆,2008年销售67363辆,2009年销售79745辆,2010年销售124450辆,2011年销售107967辆,2012年销售76931辆,从2006-2011年的销售量可以看出,罐式汽车先是呈现出快速发展的态势,自2011年起,其销售量占专用车整体比例出现了下滑,这与国家整个的经济大环境是密不可分的。
From the tank car sales, 2006 sales of 30324 units, sales in 2007 44284, 2008 sales of 67363 units, sales in 2009 79745, 2010 sales of 124450 units, sales in 2011 107967, 2012 sales of 76931 vehicles, from 2006-2011 years of sales can be seen, the tank car is showing a trend of rapid development since 2011. Since the car sales accounted for the overall proportion of the decline, which are closely related to the whole national economic environment.
在看到国内罐式专用车取得成绩的同时,我们也应该注意到,我国罐式汽车发展仍然存在着一些亟待解决的问题,具体来说,有以下几个方面:
At the same time, we should also note that there are still some problems that need to be solved in the development of the tank car in our country, specifically, there are the following aspects:
1、高端产品缺乏自主开发能力
1, the lack of independent development capabilities of high-end products
目前国内总质量30t、功率224kW(300ps)以下自卸车、箱式车、罐式车、半挂牵引车等运输类专用汽车底盘基本可以满足市场供应,但是,一些技术含量较高、结构要求较复杂、批量较小的作业类专用汽车底盘如八米三以上的混凝土搅拌运输车、大型混凝土泵车、224kW以上的半挂牵引车、40t以上的起重汽车、大型消防车等底盘具有少量供应且品质不高。像飞机牵引车、罐式车等要求特殊的一些专用汽车底盘,目前基本是空白,主要依靠进口。
At present, the total power quality 30t, 224kW (300ps) following dump truck, van, tank car, tractor and other transport special vehicle chassis can basically meet the market supply, but some of the technical content of operation of special automobile chassis structure, high requirements are more complex and smaller quantities such as concrete eight meters above three the mixing truck, above the large concrete pump truck, 224kW tractor, above 40t autohoist, large fire truck chassis with a small amount of supply and the quality is not high. Like aircraft tractor, tank car and other special requirements of some special vehicle chassis, the current basic is blank, mainly rely on imports.
2、技术水平落后、产品结构失衡、发展不均
2, the technical level is backward, the product structure is unbalanced, uneven development
目前,国内罐式专用车从技术工艺角度看,有引进、消化和吸收,也取得了一些进步,但是通过外品牌相比,仍然存在很大的差距,可以说主要还是停留在模仿阶段,同质化现象十分普遍,专用车的品种还较少,雷同现象十分严重。表现在核心技术缺失,重、中、轻、高、中、普、特、新比例失调,大多数企业只能生产中型普通专用车、其他类型的专用车产量仍较少且能能简单。高技术含量、高附加值、高可靠性的国产罐式专用车还不够多,这些都严重影响了我国罐式专用车行业的结构调整和产业升级。
At present, the domestic tank special vehicle technology from the point of view, the introduction of digestion and absorption, but also made some progress, but by foreign brands, there are still a large gap, can be said to still stay in the imitation stage, the homogenization phenomenon is very common, special car varieties less, the same phenomenon is very serious. Performance in the absence of core technology, heavy, medium, light, high, medium, low, special, new proportion imbalance, the majority of enterprises can only produce medium-sized ordinary cars, other types of special vehicle production is still less and can be simple. High technology content, high added value, high reliability of the domestic tank car is not enough, these have seriously affected the structural adjustment and industrial upgrading of China's tank car industry.
3、关键部件无法自主生产
3, the key components can not be produced independently
到现在为止,国产罐式专用汽车底盘还十分匮乏。我国生产的专用车,仍大多是采用东风、解放、斯太尔、依维柯等普通载货(客)车底盘,经过调整轴距等小幅度的改动进行改装的,根本谈不上特种车专用底盘的技术储备;生产出的大部分罐车车仍基本是技术含量低、售价低的劳动密集型的普通罐车,如低吨位加油车、半挂牵引罐车、运输罐车等。即使目前国内厂家生产的比较先进的斯太尔系列汽车底盘,其技术在国际上已经显得很落后,在国际竞争中处于非常被动的地位。
Up to now, the domestic pot type special vehicle chassis is also very scarce. Special vehicle production in China, still mostly by Dongfeng, liberation, Steyr, Yi Weike and other ordinary trucks (passenger car chassis), after adjustment such small changes wheelbase for modification, technical reserves no special special vehicle chassis; produce most of the tank car is still the basic technical content is low the price is low, the labor intensive ordinary tanker, such as low tonnage tanker truck, semi-trailer tanker, tanker etc.. Even if the domestic manufacturers of advanced Steyr automobile chassis, the technology in the world is very backward, in a very passive position in international competition.
4、受相关行业发展水平的制约
4, affected by the level of development of the relevant industry constraints
我国罐式专用汽车专用装置的关键部件总体水平不太高,如液压件、泵类、阀类、控制仪表等还未达到较高的技术水平,制约了高水平专用汽车的研发生产
The overall level of key parts of tank type special vehicle special device in our country is not too high, such as the technical level of hydraulic parts, pumps, valves, and other control instruments have not yet reached the high, restricting the high level of special vehicle research and production
5、行业规模偏小,市场集中度低
5, the industry size is small, the market concentration is low
总的来看罐式专用汽车企业近年来市场表现良好,但规模小、技术力量薄弱,依然是专用车企业普遍存在的问题。同一类产品有数十家企业生产,一家企业又生产很多类产品,与发达国家同一类产品最多是三五家企业生产,一家企业最多也只生产几种产品形成了鲜明对比。市场集中度不高,专用汽车企业生产不“专”。
The whole tank special automobile enterprises in recent years the market performance is good, but the small scale, weak technical force, is still the prevalent problems of special purpose vehicle enterprise. The same type of products there are dozens of enterprises, enterprises and the production of many products, developed countries and the same type of products up to 35 enterprises, an enterprise most can only produce several products in stark contrast. Market concentration is not high, the production of special automobile enterprises is not special".
二、我国罐式专用汽车的发展趋势
Two, the development trend of China's pot type special vehicle
(一)高技术、高附加值的发展趋势
(a) the development trend of high technology and high added value
随着市场竞争愈演愈烈、国内人口红利消失。微利时代的到来,以量和价格取胜的竞争优势将逐步退出舞台。以创新技术提高产品附加值和技术含量来替代以往的低层次产能扩张将成为我国罐式车行业新的经济增长方式。
With the growing competition in the market, the domestic population dividend disappeared. The arrival of low profit era, the quantity and price to win the competitive advantage will gradually withdraw from the stage. With innovative technology to improve product value and technical content to replace the previous low level capacity expansion will become the new economic growth mode of China's tank car industry.
(二)清洁、节能、环保的发展趋势
(two) the development trend of clean, energy saving and environmental protection
随着国家对环境保护及节能减排目标的日益重视,能够实现国家环境目标的产品将有广阔的市场。
With the country's increasing emphasis on environmental protection and energy saving and emission reduction targets, the products of the country's environmental goals will have a broad market.
(三)轻量化的发展趋势
(three) the development trend of lightweight
由于运输成本的不断上升、国家节能减排的迫切要求、国外新材料新技术罐式专用车的绝对优势冲击,罐式车轻量化是我国汽车行业发展的必由之路。
Due to the rising cost of transportation, the urgent requirement of national energy saving and emission reduction, and the absolute advantage impact of new materials and new technology in foreign countries, the light weight of the tank car is the only way for the development of China's automotive industry.
(四)重型化、多轴化的发展趋势
(four) the trend of the development of heavy and multi axis
随着国家经济和高速公路的快速发展,传统货车运输的局限性日益暴露,为降低物流成本,提高运输效率,提升集约化程度和物流技术水平,实现节能减排的目标,重型化、多轴化的全挂和半挂运
With the rapid development of the national economy and highway, limitation of freight transport increasingly exposed, in order to reduce logistics cost, improve transport efficiency, enhance the intensive degree and the level of logistics technology, achieve the goal of energy conservation, heavy duty and multi axis of the trailer and semi-trailer.
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